Today in History – The Boston Globe

In 1520, Montezuma II, the ninth and last emperor of the Aztecs, died in Tenochtitlan under obscure circumstances (some say he was killed by his own subjects, others by the Spaniards).

In 1613, the original Globe Theater in London, where many of Shakespeare’s plays were performed, was destroyed by a fire started by a cannon shot during a performance of “Henry VIII”.

In 1767, Britain passed the Townshend Revenue Act, which imposed import duties on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea shipped to the American colonies. (The settlers protested bitterly, prompting Parliament to repeal the duties – except for tea.)

In 1776, the Virginia state constitution was adopted and Patrick Henry was appointed governor.

In 1927, the first transpacific aircraft flight was made when Lt. Lester J. Maitland and Lt. Albert F. Hegenberger of the US Army Air Corps arrived at Wheeler Field in Hawaii aboard the Bird of Paradise, an Atlantic-Fokker C-2, having flown 2,400 miles from Oakland, California, in 25 hours and 50 minutes.

In 1946, authorities in British-ruled Palestine arrested more than 2,700 Jews in an effort to root out extremists.

In 1967, Jerusalem was reunited as Israel removed the barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.

In 1970, the United States ended a two-month military offensive in Cambodia.

In 1972, the United States Supreme Court overturned three death sentences, saying the manner in which they had been handed down constituted cruel and unusual punishment. (The ruling prompted states to effectively impose a moratorium on executions until their capital punishment laws could be overhauled.)

In 1978, actor Bob Crane of “Hogan’s Heroes” fame was found bludgeoned to death in an apartment in Scottsdale, Arizona, where he was appearing in a play; he was 49 years old.

In 2006, the Supreme Court ruled, 5 to 3, that President George W. Bush’s plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violated US and international law.

In 2009, disgraced financier Bernard Madoff was sentenced to 150 years in prison for his multi-billion dollar fraud. (Madoff died in prison in April 2021.)

In 2012, a day after the House voted to convict Attorney General Eric Holder of contempt of Congress, the Justice Department said Holder’s decision not to disclose to Congress information about a failed drug-tracking operation firearms was not a crime. The younger brother and business partner of disgraced financier Bernard Madoff has pleaded guilty to charges of falsifying documents, but Peter Madoff insisted he knew nothing about his brother’s massive Ponzi scheme. (Peter Madoff was later sentenced to 10 years in prison; he was released from home confinement in August 2020.) The US Anti-Doping Agency has filed formal charges against Lance Armstrong, accusing the seven-time Tour de France winner of having used performance enhancement products. drugs throughout the best years of his career. (USADA ended up stripping Armstrong of all of his Tour de France titles and issuing a lifetime ban from cycling.)

In 2017, a scaled-down version of President Donald Trump’s travel ban went into effect, stripped of provisions that sparked protests and chaos at airports around the world; the new rules have tightened already strict visa policies affecting citizens of six Muslim-majority countries.

In 2018, Maryland’s Annapolis Capital Gazette delivered on its promise to publish the day’s newspaper, despite the shooting deaths of five people in its newsroom the day before.

Last year, former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld died aged 88 in New Mexico; he had served as Pentagon chief during the US invasion of Afghanistan that toppled the Taliban regime following the September 11 attacks, as well as at the start of the long and costly Iraq war in 2003. The former South African President Jacob Zuma was sentenced to 15 months in jail for defying a court order to appear for questioning over corruption allegations; his imprisonment would spark violent riots in which more than 330 people died.

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