Today in History | Story

Today is Monday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2022. There are 292 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On March 14, 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized the American cotton industry.

To this date :

In 1879, physicist Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany.

In 1939, the Republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, paving the way for Nazi occupation of Czech regions and separation from Slovakia.

In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launched in Boston his successful bid for the United States Senate seat in Massachusetts, once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)

In 1964, a Dallas jury found Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (The conviction and death sentence were overturned, but Ruby died before she could be retried.)

In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1980, a LOT (laht) Polish Airlines plane crashed while trying to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people on board, including 22 members of an American amateur boxing team.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies held a secret ballot that elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new and powerful presidency.

In 1995, American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, heading for the Mir space station .

In 2011, Neil Diamond, Alice Cooper, Tom Waits, Darlene Love, Dr. John and Leon Russell were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

In 2015, Robert Durst, a wealthy eccentric linked to two murders and the disappearance of his wife, was arrested by the FBI in New Orleans on a murder warrant a day before HBO aired the final episode of a serial documentary about his life. (Durst would be convicted in the shooting death of his friend, Susan Berman; he died in January 2022 while serving a life sentence in California.)

In 2018, Stephen Hawking, the best-known theoretical physicist of his day, died at his home in Cambridge, England, aged 76; he had stunned doctors by living with ALS, a normally fatal disease, for more than 50 years.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle, hosted a State dinner at the White House for British Prime Minister David Cameron and his wife, Samantha. Earlier, the two leaders announced that NATO forces would hand over the primary combat role in Afghanistan to Afghan forces in 2013 as the United States and its allies aim to withdraw by the end of 2014.

Five years ago: A severe late-season storm blanketed the Northeast with sleet and snow, paralyzing much of the Washington-Boston corridor, but well below forecast snow totals in New York, Boston and Philadelphia. Declaring “enough is enough,” Gen. Robert Neller, commandant of the Marine Corps, told senators he intended to address the issue that led current and former members of the Corps to share naked photos of female Marines and making obscene or threatening comments about them. Mitch Seavey won his third Iditarod Trail sled dog race, becoming the fastest and oldest champion at 57.

A year ago: US authorities arrested and charged two men for assaulting US Capitol Police Officer Brian Sicknick with pepper spray during the Jan. 6 riot. (Sicknick collapsed and died in hospital the next day; a medical examiner determined he had suffered a stroke and died of natural causes.) Myanmar’s ruling junta said the Martial law in parts of the country’s biggest city as security forces killed dozens of protesters in an increasingly deadly crackdown on resistance to the previous month’s military coup. Female performers including Beyoncé and Taylor Swift have won Grammy honors; Beyoncé’s 28th win made her the most decorated woman in Grammy history. New Orleans Saints record quarterback Drew Brees has announced his retirement after 20 seasons in the NFL.

Today’s birthdays: Former astronaut Frank Borman turns 94. Actor Michael Caine is 89 years old. Composer-conductor Quincy Jones is 89 years old. Actor Raymond J. Barry is 83 years old. Director Wolfgang Petersen is 81 years old. Country singer Michael Martin Murphey is 77 years old. Rock musician Walt Parazaider (pay-ah-ZAY’-hard) (formerly with Chicago) is 77. Actor Steve Kanaly is 76 years old. Comedian Billy Crystal is 74 years old. Actor-writer-radio-comedian Rick Dees is 71 years old. Country singer Jann Browne is 68. Actor Adrian Zmed is 68 years old. Prince Albert II, the sovereign of Monaco, is 64 years old. Actor Laila Robins is 63 years old. Actor Tamara Tunie (tuh-MAH’-ruh TOO’-nee) is 63 years old. Actor Penny Johnson Jerald is 62 years old. Producer-director-screenwriter Kevin Williamson is 57 years old. Actor Elise Neal is 56 years old. Actor Gary Anthony Williams is 56 years old. Actor Megan Follows is 54 years old. Rock musician Michael Bland is 53 years old. Country singer Kristian Bush is 52 years old. Actor Betsy Brandt is 49 years old. Grace Park is 48 years old. Actor Daniel Gillies is 46 years old. Actor Corey Stoll is 46 years old. Actor Jake Fogelnest is 43 years old. Actor Chris Klein is 43 years old. Actor Ryan Cartwright (TV: “Kevin Can Wait”) is 41 years old. Actor Kate Maberly is 40 years old. Singer-musician Taylor Hanson (Hanson) is 39 years old. Rep. Dan Crenshaw, R-Texas, is 38. Actor Jamie Bell is 36 years old. Rock musician Este Haim (HY’-uhm) (Haim) is 36 years old. NBA star Stephen Curry is 34 years old. Actor Ansel Elgort is 28 years old. Olympic gold medalist gymnast Simone Biles is 25 years old. Actor James Freedson-Jackson (Film: “The Strange”) is 20 years old.

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