Stocks as collateral for loans: are they an option?

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Accessing money to finance a business can be difficult for many reasons. Yet those who own high-value, publicly funded stocks may find the answer to their money woes in their investment portfolio.

Can you use stocks as collateral for loans? Yes, borrowers can subscribe for shares as collateral for loans by transferring ownership of the shares to the lender.

What is a loan stock?

In short, loan shares are loans in which the borrower secures the capital of a particular investor in exchange for securities. The more valuable these shares are to the lender, the more likely they are to take them as collateral for a loan.

The lenders have physical ownership of the shares for the term of the loan. However, they are required to return the securities once the borrower has paid all of its debt or as established in the loan agreement.

What does collateralization mean?

Collateral involves pledging a high-value asset as security for the repayment of a loan. It provides relief to lenders if or when the borrower defaults, in which case they are allowed to keep the stock.

Are lending stocks risky?

Like everything else in the investment world, lending stocks carry risk. The main threat that secured securities could bring is the loss of their value. If market conditions become unfavorable to the stocks in question, they may become insufficient to cover the agreed amount to be paid.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Stocks as Collateral for Loans

Equity loans allow companies or individuals in urgent need of capital to access large sums to finance their businesses. In contrast, selling stocks to secure funds means that borrowers must forgo the prospect of future profits from their secured securities or risk the borrower selling them if they do not repay on time.

The rules of shares as collateral loans

Some regulations dictate the type of stocks borrowers can use and the amount of money they can borrow relative to their value.

For example, any shares used as collateral must be unlimited and freely salable. Additionally, the market value of stocks listed on major stock exchanges must be at least $5. For unlisted stocks, the minimum market value increases to $10.

Final take

Equity as collateral for loans can be handy when borrowers need large sums of money. The guide above is intended to help lenders and investors understand what loan securities are and whether they are a good option for them.


Here are some frequently asked questions about using stocks as collateral for loans.

  • Are shares considered collateral?
    • Yes, some lenders accept equity as collateral for a loan.
  • Can I use my shares as collateral for a loan?
    • As long as the lender finds value in it, yes. A borrower can even increase the size of the line of credit if and when the secured stock increases in value.
  • Can banks use shares as collateral?
    • Banks can lend money using securities with daily liquidity from the borrower’s portfolio as collateral.

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About the Author

Daniela Rivera is a bilingual freelance content creator with a background in advertising and media. She holds a degree in communication sciences and more than 10 years of professional experience as an editor. She specializes in generating engaging and creative concepts and copy for advertising, e-commerce, blogs, podcasts and social media.

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